Rapid discrimination of clinically important pathogens through machine learning analysis of surface enhanced Raman spectra


With its low-cost, label-free and non-destructive features, Raman spectroscopy is becoming an attractive technique with high potential to discriminate the causative agent of bacterial infections and bacterial infections per se. However, it is challenging to achieve consistency and accuracy of Raman spectra from numerous bacterial species and phenotypes, which significantly hinders the practical application of the technique. In this study, we analyzed surfaced enhanced Raman spectra (SERS) through machine learning algorithms in order to discriminate bacterial pathogens quickly and accurately. Two unsupervised machine learning methods, K-means Clustering (K-Means) and Agglomerative Nesting (AGNES) were performed for clustering analysis. In addition, eight supervised machine learning methods were compared in terms of bacterial predictions via Raman spectra, which showed that convolutional neural network (CNN) achieved the best prediction accuracy (99.86%) with the highest area (0.9996) under receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). In sum, machine learning methods can be potentially applied to classify and predict bacterial pathogens via Raman spectra at general level.

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